A. Mabini Campus, PUP
Anonas, Sta. Mesa, Manila
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In 1896, Mabini was struck down by polio; the disease paralyzed both his legs. In illness Mabini’s mind became even sharper. With the Spanish-American War looming on the horizon, he wrote a manifesto warning Filipinos not to trust the Americans. The document made its way to Hong Kong, into the hands of the exiled leaders of the 1896 revolution. General Emilio Aguinaldo sent for Mabini, who, upon seeing him, was unsure of Mabini’s capabilities.
What was he supposed to do with this cripple? But when Mabini spoke, Aguinaldo saw his worth. From then on, Mabini was installed as Aguinaldo’s adviser, for which the Americans called him the “true instigator of the Philippine Revolution”.
At the outbreak of the Filipino-American War in 1899, Mabini was captured by the Americans and was imprisoned for almost two years. However, this did not stop him from writing patriotic articles to incite the people to remain steadfast to the cause of freedom. Angered, the Americans exiled him Guam.
Fearing he would never see the Philippines again, Mabini reluctantly took an oath of allegiance to the United States that allowed him to come home in February 1903. On May 13, 1903 he died of cholera at the age of 38.
Due to his unwavering love of country and commitment to Philippine independence, history has given him to accolade “Sublime Paralytic”.
The Mabini Shrine-PUP’s bamboo and nipa house belonged to the del Rosario family to whom Mabini was related by affinity. (His younger brother married a Del Rosario daughter.) Mabini first lived in this house in 1888, the year he entered law school. He continued to live there during the most of his adult years. The original house used to be located across the river. It was moved to Polytechnic University of the Philippines in Sta. Mesa, Manila in 2009 to give way to the rehabilitation of the Pasig River.
Important artifacts on display are Mabini’s original portrait photographs, a wooden wreath bequeathed by a friend from Paete, Laguna, a long wooden bench used by the Mabini family; and paintings of the 1964 Apolinario Mabini Birth Centennial painting competition. Reproductions of his convalescent chair and escritoire are prominently displayed at the sala.
The shrine’s Museo ni Apolinario Mabini chronicles the life of the “Revolution’s philosopher” in an enjoyable and interactive manner. A touch screen terminal features a timeline of Mabini’s life and an electronic board allows visitors to jot down their experiences at the shrine. With the theme “Duyan”, the visitors can reflect on Mabini’s heroism and strength, while sitting on a hammock and inviting contemplation on the sage words of his writings. – nhcp.gov.ph